A shopping arcade in Cleveland around 1915.
A Seattle mall before opening day in the 1970s.
A shopping mall in Los Angeles in the 1980s.
A shopping mall in Orlando, Fla. in 1991.
A Shiop Stores shopping mall with painted walls in Pasadena, Calif. in 1998.
Shoppers walk through the east concourse of the Mall of America in Bloomington, Minn. in 2001.
In 2004, shoppers walk around Aventura Shopping Mall in Miami.